SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2020
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation
The financial statements of Camber Energy include the accounts of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Camber Permian LLC, a Texas limited liability company, which is wholly-owned, CE Operating, LLC, an Oklahoma limited liability company, which is wholly-owned, and C E Energy LLC, a Texas limited liability company, which is wholly-owned, and which will be assigned to PetroGlobe shortly after the date of this report, as discussed below under “Note 10 – Commitments and Contingencies” – “Legal Proceedings”. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year financial statements to conform them with the current year presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on the reported results of operations.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Camber’s financial statements are based on a number of significant estimates, including oil and natural gas reserve quantities which are the basis for the calculation of depreciation, depletion and impairment of oil and natural gas properties, and timing and costs associated with its asset retirement obligations, as well as those related to the fair value of stock options, stock warrants and stock issued for services. While the Company believes that its estimates and assumptions used in preparation of the financial statements are appropriate, actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include cash in banks and financial instruments which mature within three months of the date of purchase. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalents in bank deposit accounts, which at times may exceed federally insured limits of $250,000. At March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company’s cash in excess of the federally insured limit was $399,833 and $7,463,944, respectively. Historically, the Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts. The Company had no cash equivalents at March 31, 2020 or 2019, respectively.
Accounts receivable, net, include amounts due for oil and gas revenues from prior month production, accrued interest on the notes receivable due from Lineal and Viking and an estimate of amounts due from N&B Energy related to the September 2018 Sale Agreement. The allowance for doubtful accounts is the Company’s best estimate of the probable amount of credit losses in the Company’s existing accounts receivable. At March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, there were allowances for doubtful accounts of approximately $208,000 and $190,000, respectively, included in accounts receivable, and there were bad debts of $17,694 and $0, recognized for the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Notes receivable includes the $5,000,000 note from Viking as described in “Note 6 – Long-Term Notes Receivable” and “Note 5 – Plan of Merger and Investment in Unconsolidated Entity”, and two notes due from Lineal in the amounts of $1,539,719 and $800,000, respectively, as more fully discussed in “Note 6 – Long-Term Notes Receivable” and “Note 12 – Merger Agreement and Divestiture”. As of March 31, 2020, the Company had no allowance for uncollectible amounts related to the notes receivable.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over their useful lives. Amortization of the equipment under capital leases related to the Lineal operations was computed using the straight-line method over lives ranging from 3 to 5 years and is included in depreciation expense. Costs of maintenance and repairs were charged to expense when incurred.
Long-lived assets including intangible assets are evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If an evaluation is required, the estimated future undiscounted cash flows associated with the asset are compared to the assets carrying amount to determine if an impairment of such asset is necessary. This evaluation, as well as an evaluation of our intangible assets, requires the Company to make long-term forecasts of the future revenues and costs related to the assets subject to review. Forecasts require assumptions about demand for the Company’s services and future market conditions. Estimating future cash flows requires significant judgment, and the Company’s projections may vary from the cash flows eventually realized. Future events and unanticipated changes to assumptions could require a provision for impairment in a future period. The effect of any impairment would be to expense the difference between the fair value (less selling costs) of such asset and its carrying value. Such expense would be reflected in earnings. No impairments were deemed necessary for the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Investment in Unconsolidated Entities
The Company accounts for its investment in unconsolidated entities under the equity method of accounting when it owns less than 51% of a controlling interest and does not have the ability to exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of the entity. The investment is adjusted accordingly for dividends or distributions it receives and its proportionate share of earnings or losses of the entity. The current investment in unconsolidated entities is a 25% in interest in Elysium Energy, LLC, which is involved in oil and gas exploration and production in the United States. The balance sheet of Elysium Energy, LLC at March 31, 2020 included current assets of $4.0 million, total assets of $37.7 million, total liabilities of $34.0 million and net assets of $3.7 million. Additionally, the income statement for Elysium Energy, LLC for the period from February 3, 2020 (the date of investment) through March 31, 2020 included total revenues of $4.0 million and net income of $3.8 million. See also “Note 5 – Plan of Merger and Investment in Unconsolidated Entity”.
Goodwill is tested for impairment annually and whenever events or circumstances make it more likely than not that an impairment may have occurred. Goodwill is reviewed for impairment at the reporting unit level, which is defined as operating segments or groupings of businesses one level below the operating segment level. The Company’s operating segments are the same as the reporting units used in its goodwill impairment test. Goodwill is tested for impairment by comparing the estimated fair value of a reporting unit, determined using a market approach, if market prices are available, or alternatively, a discounted cash flow model, with its carrying value. The annual evaluation of goodwill requires the use of estimates about future operating results, valuation multiples and discount rates of each reporting unit to determine their estimated fair value. Changes in these assumptions can materially affect these estimates. Once an impairment of goodwill has been recorded, it cannot be reversed. The Company recognized goodwill during the three months ended September 30, 2019 in conjunction with the Lineal Merger, which was written off during the quarter ended December 31, 2019 as a result of the Lineal Divestiture as discussed in “Note 12 – Merger Agreement and Divestiture”.
Exploration and Production Revenue
The Company’s revenue for its exploration and production operations are comprised entirely of revenue from exploration and production activities. The Company’s oil is sold primarily to marketers, gatherers, and refiners. Natural gas is sold primarily to interstate and intrastate natural-gas pipelines, direct end-users, industrial users, local distribution companies, and natural-gas marketers. Natural gas liquids (“NGLs”) are sold primarily to direct end-users, refiners, and marketers. Payment is generally received from the customer in the month following delivery.
Contracts with customers have varying terms, including month-to-month contracts, and contracts with a finite term. The Company recognizes sales revenues for oil, natural gas, and NGLs based on the amount of each product sold to a customer when control transfers to the customer. Generally, control transfers at the time of delivery to the customer at a pipeline interconnect, the tailgate of a processing facility, or as a tanker lifting is completed. Revenue is measured based on the contract price, which may be index-based or fixed, and may include adjustments for market differentials and downstream costs incurred by the customer, including gathering, transportation, and fuel costs.
Revenues are recognized for the sale of the Company’s net share of production volumes. Sales on behalf of other working interest owners and royalty interest owners are not recognized as revenues.
Oil and Gas Services Revenue
The majority of Lineal’s oil and gas service revenue is derived from contracts and projects that typically span between 3 to 12 months. The oil and gas service contracts have a single performance obligation as the promise to transfer the individual goods or services is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts and, therefore, not distinct.
Lineal’s construction contracts are recognized over time because of the continuous transfer of control to the customer as all of the work is performed at the customer’s site and, therefore, the customer controls the asset as it is being constructed. Contract costs include labor, material, and indirect costs. Accounting for long-term contracts and programs involves the use of various techniques to estimate total contract revenue and costs. For long-term contracts, Lineal estimates the profit on a contract as the difference between the total estimated revenue and expected costs to complete a contract and recognize that profit over the life of the contract.
Contract estimates are based on various assumptions to project the outcome of future events. These assumptions include labor productivity and availability, the complexity of the work to be performed, the cost and availability of materials, and the performance of subcontractors.
The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in billed accounts receivable and costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts (contract assets) on the consolidated balance sheet. On Lineal’s construction contracts, amounts are billed as work progresses in accordance with agreed-upon contractual terms, either at periodic intervals (e.g., biweekly or monthly) or upon achievement of contractual milestones. Generally, billing occurs prior to revenue recognition, resulting in contract liabilities. These assets and liabilities are reported on the consolidated balance sheet on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and enhances disclosures about fair value measurements. It defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The standard describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
As of March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, the significant inputs to the Company’s derivative liability and mezzanine equity calculations were Level 3 inputs.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The Company generally sells a significant portion of its oil and gas production to a relatively small number of customers. For the year ended March 31, 2020, the Company’s consolidated revenues were from the sale of oil, gas and natural gas liquids under marketing contracts primarily with Apache Corporation. For the year ended March 31, 2019, the Company’s consolidated revenues were from the sale of oil, gas and natural gas liquids under marketing contracts primarily with Superior Pipeline Company, Scissortail Energy, LLC and Apache Corporation. The Company has alternative purchasers available at competitive market prices if there is disruption in services or other events that cause the Company to search for other ways to sell the Company’s production.
During the year ended March 31, 2020, one customer accounted for 92% of total revenues. During the year ended March 31, 2019, three customers accounted for 84% of total revenues. The Company does not believe the loss of any customer will have a material effect on the Company because alternative customers are readily available.
Oil and Natural Gas Properties, Full Cost Method
Camber uses the full cost method of accounting for oil and natural gas producing activities. Costs to acquire mineral interests in oil and natural gas properties, to drill and equip exploratory wells used to find proved reserves, and to drill and equip development wells including directly related overhead costs and related asset retirement costs are capitalized.
Under this method, all costs, including internal costs directly related to acquisition, exploration and development activities are capitalized as oil and natural gas property costs on a country-by-country basis. Costs not subject to amortization consist of unproved properties that are evaluated on a property-by-property basis. Amortization of these unproved property costs begins when the properties become proved or their values become impaired. Camber assesses overall values of unproved properties, if any, on at least an annual basis or when there has been an indication that impairment in value may have occurred. Impairment of unproved properties is assessed based on management’s intention with regard to future development of individually significant properties and the ability of Camber to obtain funds to finance their programs. If the results of an assessment indicate that the properties are impaired, the amount of the impairment is added to the capitalized costs to be amortized.
Sales of oil and natural gas properties are accounted for as adjustments to the net full cost pool with no gain or loss recognized, unless the adjustment would significantly alter the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves. If it is determined that the relationship is significantly altered, the corresponding gain or loss will be recognized in the statements of operations.
In applying the full cost method, Camber performs an impairment test (ceiling test) at each reporting date, whereby the carrying value of property and equipment is compared to the “estimated present value” of its proved reserves discounted at a 10% interest rate of future net revenues, based on current economic and operating conditions at the end of the period, plus the cost of properties not being amortized, plus the lower of cost or fair market value of unproved properties included in costs being amortized, less the income tax effects related to book and tax basis differences of the properties. If capitalized costs exceed this limit, the excess is charged as an impairment expense.
During the year ended March 31, 2020, no impairments were recorded. During the year ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded impairments totaling $1.3 million that were primarily related to unproved properties due to expirations of leaseholds.
Asset Retirement Obligations
The Company records the fair value of a liability for asset retirement obligations (“ARO”) in the period in which it is incurred and a corresponding increase in the carrying amount of the related long-lived asset. The present value of the estimated asset retirement cost is capitalized as part of the carrying amount of the long-lived asset and is depreciated over the useful life of the asset. Camber accrues an abandonment liability associated with its oil and natural gas wells when those assets are placed in service. The ARO is recorded at its estimated fair value and accretion is recognized over time as the discounted liability is accreted to its expected settlement value. Fair value is determined by using the expected future cash outflows discounted at Camber’s credit-adjusted risk-free interest rate. No market risk premium has been included in Camber’s calculation of the ARO balance.
Other Property and Equipment
Other property and equipment are stated at cost and consist primarily of furniture and computer equipment. Depreciation is computed on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives.
Deferred income taxes are provided on the liability method whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences and operating losses and tax credit carry-forwards and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences. Temporary differences are the differences between the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and accrued tax liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.
Camber has evaluated and concluded that there are no significant uncertain tax positions requiring recognition in the Company’s financial statements as of March 31, 2020 and 2019. The Company’s policy is to classify assessments, if any, for tax related interest expense and penalties as interest expense.
Earnings per Common Share
Basic and diluted income (loss) per share calculations are calculated on the basis of the weighted average number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share give effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method and convertible preferred stock using the if-converted method. In computing diluted earnings per share, the average stock price for the period is used to determine the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise price of the options and warrants. Purchases of treasury stock reduce the outstanding shares commencing on the date that the stock is purchased. Common stock equivalents are excluded from the calculation when a loss is incurred as their effect would be anti-dilutive.
Camber measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award over the vesting period.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
ASC 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)”, supersedes the revenue recognition requirements and industry-specific guidance under Revenue Recognition (Topic 605). Topic 606 requires an entity to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted Topic 606 on April 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective method applied to contracts that were not completed as of April 1, 2018. Under the modified retrospective method, prior period financial positions and results will not be adjusted. The cumulative effect adjustment recognized in the opening balances included no significant changes as a result of this adoption. While the Company does not expect 2020 net earnings to be materially impacted by revenue recognition timing changes, Topic 606 requires certain changes to the presentation of revenues and related expenses beginning April 1, 2018. Refer to “Note 11 – Revenue from Contracts with Customers” for additional information.
In November 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued an Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) amending the presentation of restricted cash within the consolidated statements of cash flows. The new guidance requires that restricted cash be added to cash and cash equivalents on the consolidated statements of cash flows. The Company adopted this ASU on April 1, 2018.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230). ASU 2016-15 seeks to reduce the existing diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company adopted this ASU on April 1, 2018 and the adoption did not have a significant impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations: Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which amends the current definition of a business. Under ASU 2017-01, to be considered a business, an acquisition would have to include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contributes to the ability to create outputs. ASU 2017-01 further states that when substantially all of the fair value of gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single asset (or a group of similar assets), the assets acquired would not represent a business. The new guidance also narrows the definition of the term “outputs” to be consistent with how it is described in Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The changes to the definition of a business will likely result in more acquisitions being accounted for as asset acquisitions. The guidance is effective for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this ASU on April 1, 2018 and the adoption did not have a significant impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, “Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting”, which provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. ASU 2017-09 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted, including adoption in any interim period for which financial statements have not yet been issued. The Company adopted this ASU on April 1, 2018 and the adoption did not have a significant impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016.02 “Leases (Topic 842)”. The new lease guidance supersedes Topic 840. The core principle of the guidance is that entities should recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from leases. Topic 840 does not apply to leases to explore for, or to use, minerals, oil, natural gas and similar nongenerative resources including the intangible right to explore for those natural resources and rights to use the land in which those natural resources are contained. In July 2018, the FASB issued “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements”, which provides entities with an alternative modified transition method to elect not to recast the comparative periods presented when adopting Topic 842. The Company adopted Topic 842 as of April 1, 2019, using the alternative modified transition, for which, comparative periods, including the disclosures related to those periods, are not restated.
In addition, the Company elected practical expedients provided by the new standard, and the Company has elected to not reassess its prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification, and initial direct costs and to retain off-balance sheet treatment of short-term leases (i.e., 12 months or less which do not contain purchase options that the Company is reasonably likely to exercise). As a result of the short-term expedient election, the Company does not have leases that require the recording of a net lease asset and lease liability on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet or have a material impact on consolidated earnings or cash flows as of April 1, 2019. Moving forward, the Company will evaluate any new lease commitments for application of Topic 842.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, “Disclosure Framework: Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement,” which changes the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements by removing, adding, and modifying certain disclosures. The Company adopted ASU 2018-13 effective April 1, 2019. The adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s update, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), as amended. The standard requires a valuation allowance for credit losses be recognized for certain financial assets that reflects the current expected credit loss over the asset’s contractual life. The valuation allowance considers the risk of loss, even if remote, and considers past events, current conditions and expectations of the future. The standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
The Company does not believe that any recently issued effective pronouncements, or pronouncements issued but not yet effective, if adopted, would have a material effect on the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
The Company has evaluated all transactions through the date the consolidated financial statements were issued for subsequent event disclosure consideration.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef