SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2017
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Principles of Consolidation
The financial statements of Camber Energy include the accounts of its wholly-owned Texas subsidiary, CATI Operating, LLC (“CATI”), which was created in October 2015. Per an amendment to the Rogers Loan, dated December 14, 2015, we transferred all of our oil and gas interests and equipment to CATI (see “Note 6 – Notes Payable” below). All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Camber’s financial statements are based on a number of significant estimates, including oil and natural gas reserve quantities which are the basis for the calculation of depreciation, depletion and impairment of oil and natural gas properties, and timing and costs associated with its asset retirement obligations, as well as those related to the fair value of stock options, stock warrants and stock issued for services. While we believe that our estimates and assumptions used in preparation of the financial statements are appropriate, actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include cash in banks and financial instruments which mature within three months of the date of purchase. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalents in bank deposit accounts, which at times may exceed federally insured limits of $250,000. At March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company’s cash in excess of the federally insured limit were $199,435 and $0, respectively. Historically, the Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts. The Company had no cash equivalents at March 31, 2017 or 2016.
Accounts receivable consist of uncollateralized oil and natural gas revenues due under normal trade terms. Management reviews receivables periodically and reduces the carrying amount by a valuation allowance that reflects management’s best estimate of the amount that may not be collectible. At March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts was $779,421 and $0, respectively.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The Company generally sells a significant portion of our oil and gas production to a relatively small number of customers. For the year ended March 31, 2017, the Company’s consolidated product revenues were attributable to Shell Trading (US) Company, Superior Pipeline Company, Sissortail Energy, LLC, and DCP Midstream, LP. For the year ended March 31, 2016, 100% of the Company’s consolidated product revenues were attributable to Shell Trading (US) Company, the Company’s current and only customer as of March 31, 2016. The Company are not dependent upon any one purchaser and have alternative purchasers readily available at competitive market prices if there is disruption in services or other events that cause us to search for other ways to sell our production.
Oil and Natural Gas Properties, Full Cost Method
Camber uses the full cost method of accounting for oil and natural gas producing activities. Costs to acquire mineral interests in oil and natural gas properties, to drill and equip exploratory wells used to find proved reserves, and to drill and equip development wells including directly related overhead costs and related asset retirement costs are capitalized.
Under this method, all costs, including internal costs directly related to acquisition, exploration and development activities are capitalized as oil and natural gas property costs on a country-by-country basis. Costs not subject to amortization consist of unproved properties that are evaluated on a property-by-property basis. Amortization of these unproved property costs begins when the properties become proved or their values become impaired. Camber assesses overall values of unproved properties, if any, on at least an annual basis or when there has been an indication that impairment in value may have occurred. Impairment of unproved properties is assessed based on management’s intention with regard to future development of individually significant properties and the ability of Camber to obtain funds to finance their programs. If the results of an assessment indicate that the properties are impaired, the amount of the impairment is added to the capitalized costs to be amortized.
Sales of oil and natural gas properties are accounted for as adjustments to the net full cost pool with no gain or loss recognized, unless the adjustment would significantly alter the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves. If it is determined that the relationship is significantly altered, the corresponding gain or loss will be recognized in the statements of operations.
Costs of oil and natural gas properties are amortized using the units of production method. Amortization expense calculated per equivalent physical unit of production amounted to $10.98 and $31.83 per barrel of oil equivalent for the years ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
In applying the full cost method, Camber performs an impairment test (ceiling test) at each reporting date, whereby the carrying value of property and equipment is compared to the “estimated present value” of its proved reserves discounted at a 10% interest rate of future net revenues, based on current economic and operating conditions at the end of the period, plus the cost of properties not being amortized, plus the lower of cost or fair market value of unproved properties included in costs being amortized, less the income tax effects related to book and tax basis differences of the properties. If capitalized costs exceed this limit, the excess is charged as an impairment expense. During the year ended March 31, 2017, the Company recorded an impairment of $79.1 million, which represented $10.9 million related to proved properties, $18.7 million related to unproved properties, and $49.5 million in conjunction with the Acquisition, primarily due to continued low commodity prices during the fiscal year and lease expirations. During the year ended March 31, 2016, the Company recorded an impairment of $21.4 million associated with proved oil and gas properties primarily due to a significant decline in commodity prices during the current fiscal year.
Asset Retirement Obligations
The Company records the fair value of a liability for asset retirement obligations (“ARO”) in the period in which it is incurred and a corresponding increase in the carrying amount of the related long-lived asset. The present value of the estimated asset retirement cost is capitalized as part of the carrying amount of the long-lived asset and is depreciated over the useful life of the asset. Camber accrues an abandonment liability associated with its oil and natural gas wells when those assets are placed in service. The ARO is recorded at its estimated fair value and accretion is recognized over time as the discounted liability is accreted to its expected settlement value. Fair value is determined by using the expected future cash outflows discounted at Camber’s credit-adjusted risk-free interest rate. No market risk premium has been included in Camber’s calculation of the ARO balance.
Other Property and Equipment
Other property and equipment are stated at cost and consist primarily of a field office, furniture and computer equipment. Depreciation is computed on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives.
Deferred income taxes are provided on the liability method whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences and operating losses and tax credit carry-forwards and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences. Temporary differences are the differences between the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and accrued tax liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.
Camber has evaluated and concluded that there are no significant uncertain tax positions requiring recognition in the Company’s financial statements as of March 31, 2017 and 2016. The Company’s policy is to classify assessments, if any, for tax related interest expense and penalties as interest expense.
Earnings per Common Share
Basic and diluted net income per share calculations are calculated on the basis of the weighted average number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding during the year. Purchases of treasury stock reduce the outstanding shares commencing on the date that the stock is purchased. Common stock equivalents are excluded from the calculation when a loss is incurred as their effect would be anti-dilutive.
Stock options to purchase 19,920 shares of common stock at an average exercise price of $35.38 per share and warrants to purchase 256,448 shares of common stock at an average exercise price of $12.94 per share were outstanding at March 31, 2017. Stock options to purchase 22,920 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $33.96 per share and warrants to purchase 232,585 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $47.64 per share were outstanding at March 31, 2017.
At March 31, 2016, Camber had outstanding 500 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. Each share of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock shares is convertible into an aggregate of 40 shares of the Company’s common stock and has no liquidation preference and no maturity date. The 500 shares of outstanding Series A Preferred stock were subsequently converted into 20,000 shares of common stock on April 25, 2016.
As of March 31, 2017, the Company had a convertible subordinated debenture of $145,695 (net of the unamortized discount of $384,305) which was recognized as a long-term liability on the Company's balance sheet as of March 31, 2017. The convertible subordinated debenture was initially convertible into 163,077 shares of common stock at a conversion price equal to $3.25 per share. Due to the recent decline in the price of our common stock and that a trigger event occurred on June 30, 2016 as a result of the delay in filing our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2016, the premium rate on the debenture increased from 6% to 34% and the conversion discount became 85% of the lowest daily volume weighted average price during the measuring period (60 days prior to and 60 days after the last date that the Investor receives the last of the shares due), less $0.10 per share of common stock not to exceed 85% of the lowest sales price on the last day of such period less $0.10 per share. Using the treasury stock method, had the Company had net income, no common shares attributable to our outstanding stock options would have been included in the fully diluted earnings per share calculation for the year ended March 31, 2017.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
ASC 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and enhances disclosures about fair value measurements. It defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The standard describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
As of March 31, 2017, the significant inputs to the Company’s derivative liability calculation were Level 3 inputs.
Camber measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award over the vesting period.
Revenue and Cost Recognition
Camber recognizes oil and natural gas revenue under the sales method of accounting for its interests in producing wells as crude oil and natural gas is produced and sold from those wells. Costs associated with production are expensed in the period incurred. Crude oil produced but remaining as inventory in field tanks is not recorded as revenue in Camber’s financial statements because it is not material.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year financial statements to conform with the current year presentation.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
There were various accounting standards and interpretations issued during fiscal 2017 and 2016, none of which are expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, operations or cash flows.
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASU 2014-09”), which supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under GAAP. The core principle of ASU 2014-09 is to recognize revenues when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 defines a five- step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than are required under existing GAAP. The guidance is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The standard is required to be adopted using either the full retrospective approach, with all prior periods presented adjusted, or the modified retrospective approach, with a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings on the opening balance sheet. The Company will adopt the new standard utilizing the modified retrospective approach. The Company does not expect the adoption of this ASU to have a material impact on its financial statements. However, we anticipate the new standard will result in more robust footnote disclosures. We cannot currently determine the extent of the new footnote disclosures as further clarification is needed for certain practices common to the industry. We will continue to evaluate the impacts that future contracts may have.
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. The new standard requires management to assess the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Disclosures are required if there is substantial doubt as to the Company’s continuation as a going concern within one year after the issue date of financial statements. The standard provides guidance for making the assessment, including consideration of management’s plans which may alleviate doubt regarding the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. ASU 2014-15 is effective for years ending after December 15, 2016. The Company has adopted this standard for the year ending March 31, 2017, and management has concluded that there is substantial doubt as to the Company’s continuation as a going concern within one year after the issue date of the financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, Interest – Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30) – Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. ASU 2015-03 amends previous guidance to require that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by the amendments in this ASU. The standard is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. The Company adopted this ASU during the first quarter of fiscal 2016 and the adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, a new lease standard requiring lessees to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities for most leases classified as operating leases under previous U.S. GAAP. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company will be required to use a modified retrospective approach for leases that exist or are entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period in the financial statements. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this standard on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230). ASU 2016-15 seeks to reduce the existing diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of ASU 2016-15 and assessing the impact, if any, it may have on its statement of consolidated cash flows.
The Company has evaluated all transactions occurring between March 31, 2017 through the date the consolidated financial statements were issued for subsequent event disclosure consideration.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef